When a Deal Breaker Is Not a Deal Breaker

We often place too much emphasis on obtaining mathematically exact solutions for structural models. While it's important to obtain exact solutions, e.g., for element development and comparing softwares, it's not always necessary and definitely not always a deal breaker. The important thing is to know whether or not an exact solution is possible and the … Continue reading When a Deal Breaker Is Not a Deal Breaker

The Basics of Frame Element Localization

Those strain softening constitutive models we like to use for concrete can lead to material nonlinearity that isolates, or localizes, in a single element or single integration point of your model. The resulting global response becomes non-objective, non-unique, or mesh-dependent. The objective of this post is to show the localization problem then describe solutions that … Continue reading The Basics of Frame Element Localization