Verifying material nonlinear frame element formulations is pretty difficult. There are only a handful of analytical solutions that do not rely on bilinear uniaxial constitutive response. You're much better off verifying geometric nonlinearity. However, an example based on a relatively straightforward biaxial stress resultant plasticity model has intrigued me over the years. The example, described … Continue reading Stress Resultant Verification
Is Plastic Hinge Integration a Fruit or a Vegetable?
If distributed plasticity elements are fruits and concentrated plasticity elements are vegetables, then plastic hinge integration is something like a tomato. Based on papers I've read, manuscripts I've reviewed, presentations I've seen, etc., there's some confusion as to whether plastic hinge integration is a fruit or a vegetable. Here's my two cents. Concentrated plasticity elements … Continue reading Is Plastic Hinge Integration a Fruit or a Vegetable?